Knowing different types of motherboards is important if you want to build your own computer. This is also useful for solving computer problems easily. Over the years, many motherboards have been circulating in the market and most of the time there are new models released every year. To get used to various types of motherboards especially in choosing one, check the following motherboard classifications listed:
Based on Dimensions:
Baby AT Motherboard
This motherboard has a width of 8.5 inches and a length of 10 inches. Usually, this is easily recognized because the DIN keyboard connector is placed in the upper right corner of the motherboard. In general, this is made for the classic Pentium processor because it has a 7 ZIF socket slot. It is also called the Baby AT because the overall size is only two thirds of ordinary AT motherboards.
Complete AT motherboard
This is the first type of motherboard to be made and its size is 12 inches and 11 inches long. This has many problems in peripheral installation and troubleshooting because the overall design is not very good. Accessibility is also bad because the drive bay is installed above the motherboard. Also, expansion cards include processors that lead to poor system ventilation and a high risk of overheating.
ATX has a width of 7.5 inches and a length of 12 inches. This is generally made for Intel processors. The bus speed is around 100 MHz and has soft power support which only means that the operating system can turn it off. USB ports and I / O ports are also directly integrated. The best thing about that is the way everything is positioned; The Baby AT section is rotated in 90 degrees so that the cards in the bus architecture will not cover the processor, thus helping in efficient system ventilation.
Based on Processor Type:
Socket A Motherboard
Also known as Socket 464, this motherboard is made for Durons and AMD processors. This is made on the Pin Grid Array with 462 pins and a bus speed of around 100 to 200 MHz.
Socket 370 Motherboard
This was made for Celeron, Pentium III, VIA C3 and VIA Cyrix III processors. This is in the PGA package with 370 pins and the bus speed runs around 66 to 133 MHz.
Socket 378 Motherboard
Also known as Socket N, this motherboard is made for Pentium 4, Pentium 4EE and Intel Pentium M processors. It is built in a PGA package with 478 pins. On average, bus speeds run around 100 to 200 MHz.
Socket T Motherboard
It is also referred to as LGA 775. This type of motherboard is made for Intel Xeon, Intel Core 2 Duo, Intel Core 2 Quad and many more similar processors. It is built on PGA with 775 pins. The bus speed is also high at 1600 MHz.
Socket 939 Motherboard
This type of motherboard is made for AMD processors. Made in a PGA package with 939 pins, the bus speed is fast at 200 to 1000 MHz.
Socket AM3 Motherboard
This is made for AMD Athlon II and AMD Phenom II processors. This was also built on the PGA with 941 pins and bus speed rates at 200 – 3200 MHz.
Socket H Motherboard
Another term for this is LGA 1156 and comes in LGA format with 1156 pins. Originally created to support IntelCore i3, Intel Core i5 and Intel Core i7 processors.
The role of the motherboard as a computer backbone is not unreasonable, because the motherboard has various functions. In addition to its main function as a media that holds components on a computer, the motherboard also functions to set the basic code of the input / output system (BIOS) on the chip read-only memory (ROM). The BIOS code is a firmware, which firmware will not be lost even if the computer is off and also cannot be changed by the normal operating system or application software.
In addition, if you pay attention to the motherboard there is a collection of slots that allow the use of components or external devices that can increase the flexibility of the computer itself. The device in question is a printer, keyboard, mouse, audio jack, external hard disk, or stick game. The device can be connected to a computer by connecting it directly to the motherboard using the ports that have been provided.
Because there are many classifications and types of motherboards, it is important to consider these details when repairing a computer, especially if one particular part has to be replaced, or whenever a new one must be selected. Pay attention to compatibility and be sure to know your computer motherboard thoroughly after buying a new unit.